Her brother from Port Adelaide

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In 1849 a servant girl wrote home to her brother from Port Adelaide, South Australia: "I have accepted a situation at £20 per annum, so you can tell the servants in your neighborhood not to stay in England for such wages as from £4 to £8 a year, but come here." Letters such as these, which were circulated from kitchen to kitchen and from attic to attic in English homes, were the best recruiting agents for the colonies, which were then so desperately in need of young women to serve the pioneers who were trying to create a new life for themselves in their chosen countries. Other girls read about the much better prospects overseas in newspapers and magazines, which also published advertisements giving details of free or assisted passages.

  1. Those women who went to the colonies as servants

  1. were all recruited through agents back in England

  2. missed their families greatly

  3. played the most important role in attracting others

  4. found themselves being moved from kitchen to kitchen

  5. had the pioneering spirit necessary for starting new lives

  1. Getting to the colonies from England for the servants

  1. could cost as little as £4

  2. was essential if they wanted to escape life in English attics

  3. was only possible if an agent had recruited them

  4. did not pose any financial problem

  5. required a written invitation from someone already there

  1. It is stated in the passage that

  1. no men could get jobs as servants in Australia

  2. servants were in great demand for the pioneers establishing new lives

  3. English homes were short of servants as so many went overseas

  4. the pioneers who went to the colonies were all men

  5. emigration from England to Australia started in 1849


Our unconscious mind contains many millions of past experiences that, so far as our conscious mind knows, are lost forever. By means of several devices, we now know how to bring back lost memories. One method is "free association", used by psychiatrists. If a patient lets his conscious mind wander at will, it can give him clues to forgotten things which, if skillfully pursued by the doctor, will bring up whole networks of lost ideas and forgotten terrors. There are certain drugs which also help in this process; hypnotism, too, can be of tremendous value in exploring a patient's unconscious.

  1. According to the passage, it is possible

  1. to use drugs to cure patients of their past terrors

  2. to bring our lost memories to the surface through several methods

  3. that psychological problems develop through the inability to forget certain things

  4. that hypnotism can cause a patient to forget past terrors

  5. for most people to choose to forget about their past experiences

  1. In the method of "free association"

  1. unpleasant memories are pushed into the unconscious mind

  2. the use of hypnotism is essential

  3. certain drugs are more effective than hypnotism

  4. all one's millions of past experiences are easily recalled

  5. the patient's co-operation is needed

  1. We can conclude from the passage that

  1. most psychological disorders are caused by the inability to forget certain things

  2. only a skillful doctor can open up one's unconscious mind

  3. our unconscious mind only contains the things we don't want to remember

  4. many of one's past experiences are stored in one's unconscious mind

  5. a patient can't be made aware of his forgotten experiences without drugs or hypnotism


Of the world's 2,500-plus species of palm trees, the Palmyra palm is most important to man, next to the coconut palm, because it yields food and provides over one hundred different useful end-products. To obtain the majority of its benefits, the Palmyra needs to be climbed twice daily to extract the nutritious juice from its flower-bunches. It is this juice, converted by several different methods, that is the basis for a wide variety of other products. Collecting this juice, however, is arduous - and often dangerous - work, for the trees can top 30 meters in height.

  1. When the Palmyra is climbed twice a day

  1. it is possible to get most of its benefits

  2. strict safety measures are taken

  3. the best coconuts can be picked

  4. it encourages the tree to grow to over thirty meters

  5. the flowers are collected for processing

  1. According to the passage

  1. each palm tree can produce over 100 coconuts

  2. the juice from coconuts is very nutritious

  3. there are at least two and a half thousand types of palm tree

  4. there are several different ways of collecting Palmyra flower juice

  5. many people rely on palm trees for their basic food requirements

  1. The juice from the Palmyra's flower-bunches

  1. is better quality if the tree is at least 30 meters high

  2. is only produced at certain times of the day

  3. gets converted into over 100 different food types

  4. is extracted by pressing the picked flowers

  5. provides the raw material for many other products

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